Very small semiconductor devices with capabilities of harvesting energy have succeeded in being modified further into sensors that can now be worn. The evolving technologies have done their best to make thermoelectric systems as small as possible to the size of wristwatches.
However, despite having this evolving technology, stabilizing the temperature within the terminals of these small devices is still becoming a headache to many developers. However, no problem lacks a solution as scientists have evolved with a thin-film integrated into 3-D format to solve the issue of temperature regulation.
The invention led to the multiplication of heat flow through the harvester thus increasing the efficiency of the power convertor. Interconnected beams of 3-D thermoelectric coils were built to display the proposed concepts of the models. In order to determine the key principles that were to be considered, measurements were taken and simulations set.
The challenges in the construction of small thermoelectric harvesters are matching the thermal terminal with the compatibility of the active materials to be assimilated into the biological systems. However, an efficient and evolved system for the flexibility purposes of the device includes combining thin film structures with metallic foils like wires.
The ability of coils to be flexible in nature enables the systems to have complex biological surfaces, even those that change with time, to ensure excellent heat transfer with the source of the heat. In addition to that, the 3-D nature of the coils enables it to have a maximum surface area for heat transfer thus maximizing the power.
In addition to that, projections for power output were characterized to show constant results in accordance with the expectations of the design. The scientists recommended extra research on the methods of deposition, disposal of organic and composite materials. It was confirmed that the materials should not be damaged by their nature to resist electricity during the transformation from 2-D to 3-D.
Silicon increased the resistance of the coils three times the initial resistance as it was observed in the transformation. This was possible due to the contact made between the electrodes and the deformation of the plastic parts of the device. However, with many trials, a promising strategy to harvest power will be finally generated in future.